These notes are part of a short introduction to WebODM. The motivation behind this introducion is to show, that an alternative to Agissoft Metashape or Pix4D exists.
What is OpenDroneMap and what are it’s capabilites?
- OpenDroneMap: An open source toolkit for aerial drone imagery.
- Alternative to propiertary photogrammetric software, able to generate Orthophotos, Point Clouds, digital elevation models (DSM and DTM) and other products….
- Uses the Scale invariant local features algorithm (SIFT) :https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oKAnOzIu66c&t=31s
Nice explanation from udemy
- WebODM: A web based interface for OpenDroneMap
- ODM developers started to include MICMAC, the holy grail?:
There are not that much studys out there
- Conference paper:
Vacca G. Overview of Open Source Software for Close Range Photogrammetry. ISPRS-International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences. 2019 Aug;4214:239-45. [Available online at:https://www.int-arch-photogramm-remote-sens-spatial-inf-sci.net/XLII-4-W14/239/2019/]
- Performance comparison of different photogrammetric software packages. Test object: Basilica of the Beata Vergine Assunta.
- Found points on 111 images shot by Canon EOS M3 with a sensor CMOS 22.3×14.9 mm and a 24.2 Megapixel resolution Software Matched points Agisoft Metashape 114.453.295 points WebODM 3.545.806 points
- Further paper: Burdziakowski, P. (2017). Evaluation of open drone map toolkit for geodetic grade aerial drone mapping–case study.
Ways to install ODM:
- Docker (Windows, MacOS, Linux)
- Natively using Ubuntu 16.04 or later (or with a Virtual Machine)
- Windows WebODM installer is sold
Prerequisites to install WebODM on Ubuntu 18.04
- Docker and GIT
Install Docker on Ubuntu 18.04
#Install Docker sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade sudo apt install docker.io #Start and Enable Docker sudo systemctl start docker sudo systemctl enable docker #In some cases docker has to be updated after installation to avoid backport errors sudo pip install --upgrade docker
Enable non root users to use docker
sudo groupadd docker sudo gpasswd -a student docker #activate the changes sudo newgrp docker
git clone https://github.com/OpenDroneMap/WebODM --config core.autocrlf=input --depth 1 cd WebODM ./webodm.sh start
Installations for the introduction
Further a virtual machine in the Ova2.0 (Open virtualisation) was generated; WebODM was installed insed OSGEOLive an Lubuntu based Live Linux distribution packed with GIS software. It can by using VirtualBox. Be aware, that you need enough diskspace (~40 GB).
Docker inside a virtual machine, does this make sense?
The virtual machine can be downloaded at: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1E40hDe8fznzUccU4wOVRunYf505ryJ9Q/view?usp=sharing
It´s an ova container, for VirtualBox. If you use it on you own machine, you have to be aware of the specs (the VM uses 16GB of RAM and 4 cores; this and the mounted folders have to be adapted to your needs).
Server based installation
For your convencience WebODM was installed on a virtualisation server and can be used by you on request. The URL of the server is: http://220.127.116.11:8000/ The admin acount to enter the interface is:
admin, the password:xxxxxx A user account can be accesd via: user / xxxxxx
- Server capacities:
- Processor: 24 Xeon E7 v2/Xeon E5 v2/Core i7 Bridge
- RAM: 128 GB
- Issues with the server installation:
Uploading to VM Server sometimes is „incomplete“:https://community.opendronemap.org/t/upload-kind-of-complete-but-hangs-after-progress-bar/1352
1. Start container: ./webodm.sh start 2. Launch in browser: http://localhost:8000/dashboard/ 3.Stop WebODM: ./webodm.sh stop
Examples to play around with WebODM
In the intro this dataset is used:
Geopark Kielce-Centrum Geoedukacji: https://github.com/merkato/odm_wietrznia
Explore the sample data: QGIS Photo Plugin:
The QGIS Photo Plugin is a plugin to import geotagged photos to QGIS. It’s a helpul plugin to explore drone imagery: The plugin creates a layer which will contain the name of the picture, its directory, the date and time taken, altitude, longitude, latitude, azimuth, north, camera maker.
- Photo plugin
- Exif tools is a prerequisite and can be installed via
sudo apt-get install libimage-exiftool-perl perl-doc
Orthophotos, Point Clouds, digital elevation models (DSM and DTM) and other products can be derived after uploading imagery. It‘ s a very easy to use drop down menu.
The process simply can be started with: Start processing: Review -> start process
Go further I: Access the docker container and it’s commandline
- Get id of running docker container
sudo docker ps -aqf "name=containername"
- Access bash of the docker machine
docker exec -ti 5d402bd522f3 bash
But I did not manage to run ODM commands within the container
Go further II: Install ODM docker
- Example run to process imagery:
Run: docker run -ti --rm -v /my/project:/datasets/code opendronemap/odm --project-path /datasets
Gcps can be used as text file as followed:
- coordinate system descriptionx1 y1 z1 pixelx1 pixely1 imagename1x2 y2 z2 pixelx2 pixely2 imagename2x3 y3 z3 pixelx3 pixely3 imagename3
- WGS84 UTM 10N544256.7 5320919.9 5 3044 2622 IMG_0525.jpg544157.7 5320899.2 5 4193 1552 IMG_0585.jpg544033.4 5320876.0 5 1606 2763 IMG_0690
- OpenDroneMap Manual: https://docs.opendronemap.org